Science 451 was a Swedish-based C64 and Amiga demo group. Bio partially based on the history section of the S451 homepage, as it stood on 2012-12-31.
They were formed late 1987, as a fusion of breakout members from Vortex 42, The Warlocks and Alpha Range 89. The original members were Rygar, Bilbo, Blade (later Hightech), Judge and Radius from Vortex 42, H.O and Glerc from The Warlocks, Karl XII, The Leader and finally Iron from Alpha Range 89. The group's first production was a demo released at the Triad & Fairlight Copy Party 1987 in december of that year. It was also there that the decision to kick Radius and Iron and to accept Galleon from The Warlocks as a new member was made.
Swedes Gaunt and Syncro joined from Shadi Studios in the early months of 1988, as did norwegian The Bright Lion and dutchman Captain Rock from Beatless. At the Agile and Rebels Copy Party 1988 in may, the group made its last appearance before splitting in two. A demo released at the party announced the split, which meant most member left to form a new group called Sphinx. Hightech, Judge, Karl XII, The Leader, Galleon, Gaunt, Syncro, The Bright Lion & Captain Rock left, while Rygar, Bilbo, H.O and Glerc decided to stay. Back<-strike! was released just after the Jewels, Danish Gold, Dominators and Upfront Party 1988 in july, since power problems prevented its release at the actual party. A new german member, Fancy, also joined around this time and brought along a friend, Moskwa TV from Trans-X, who was a member for a short while. Rumours about Moskwa TV's recracking was a little too evident, so he was kicked after just a few weeks. New swedish members Spirit (code gfx) and Odin (code) were recruited in september. Towards the end of the year, Injun was a member for a very short while, and Fancy was kicked for inactiveness.
Four new members were recruited in 1989; CDC, MasterJam, Lloyd and their old member Syncro who rejoined as an Amiga member, but moved on to Phenomena. CDC left later in the year for a professional career with gamemusic makers Groovy Bits. During this time the group also got a reliable source of originals, enabling them to release a lot more cracks than before.
H.O., torn between his studying at a university and trading with his c64, finally had to give in and leave the scene in early 1990 after making a brief attempt to start a pc section. Bilbo was kicked for inactiveness. Glerc, Odin and Rygar still attempted to make the group live on, mostly by recruiting new members. Nova was a member for a short while, then rejoined Flash Inc. Gnome (crack) joined. In march of this year, polish coder Polonus joined. During the second half of the the year, Rygar got fed up with the c64 and decided to concentrate on the amiga and vhs trading. In april, dutchman TDJ attended a copyparty in Stockholm, and eventually joined the group. His next sign of life came only after a month, when he had built a dutch section of s451 entitled Focus - without telling the leaders. The group later left - again without telling the leaders. The group co-arranged Bergen Party 1990 at the end of june. Scorpio joined from Akrak in july. Brilliant swedish graphician Visual joined from Dynamix around august. Musician Tracker (a friend of Polonus) joined in november. In the first weekend of november, the Amiga Halloween Conference 1990 was held in Gothenburg, Sweden. Only MasterJam and Odin attended the event.
Swedish coder, cracker and previous leader Glerc decided to leave the scene in january 1991. Polonus left for Padua around february or early march. Sysop Midnight Mover with his board Illusion of Reality joined from Omega early march. Swedish swapper and sysop Pimpernell joined from Triad with Terminal State in april.
The may 1991 diskmagazine Shock 1 reported that Euzkera left Censor for Science 451. In the early to mid section of the year, both Glerc and Odin left the scene. The last ever official Science 451 demo was released at the Horizon Easter Party 1991 - El Escaparate - and the group sort of ceased after that. Swedish graphicians Akay and Skywize joined from Triad in may, but this might better be considered a death twitch than a rebirth. Swedish graphician Visual left for Pretzel Logic late this year under his real name, Johannes Sjogren. Swedish Legend joined Silicon, and will open a board for them.